Continuation of 5.1.

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5.1.3. Analyzing and interpreting data

The data compiled should be transformed into information and structured to aid decision-making—in other words should facilitate:

  • Recognizing situations that require intervention.
  • Formulating problems and identifying alternatives for intervention.
  • Analizing the possible impact of alternatives.
  • Evaluating possible responses and selecting one.

5.1.4. Disseminating surveillance reports

The information analyzed and interpreted will be sent daily to the Health Emergency Operations Committee for decision-making purposes. Periodic reports will be prepared for dissemination to other relevant entities, such as:

  • The health teams providing the data.
  • The media, so that they can report on control and prevention programs and activities.
  • The community, to keep it informed on risks and occurrence of diseases.

5.1.5. Surveillance according to type of event

Since different types of disasters have different effects on health, specific elements must be monitored in each case, always ensuring that the surveillance method is uniform, as described above.

5.1.6. Evaluation of the surveillance system implemented

It is desirable to create a simple mechanism for evaluating the surveillance system. Surveillance implemented because of a disaster should be evaluated periodically for its coverage and timeliness, as well as its usefulness for decision-making. If it is not satisfactory in these respects, the system should be remedied or dismantled. In addition, a final evaluation at the conclusion of the temporary surveillance is desirable as a way of gaining information to modify surveillance and plans for possible future disaster scenarios.