2.1 Health sector partners

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  • Ministries of health: although the precise responsibilities of the Ministry of Health vary from country to county in Latin America and the Caribbean, all ministries share a common regulatory role in health matters. Most ministries of health have a dedicated Disaster Management Program or Unit, which is the first line of contact at national level for the planning and execution of emergency-related activities. Although the scope of the program may differ from one country to another, generic or model terms of reference exist for these programs. The Ministries of Health are also home to a variety of other health disciplines whose support is critical to emergency managers in preparedness as well as in crisis situations.  These specialists include the national focal points for International Health Regulations (IHR), health services, maintenance, laboratories and others.